Diversity of Citizenship


also, Diverse Citizenship






    On this page are links to resources relating to diversity of citizenship.  The first three links show that a citizen of a State, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution, is a party that can sue (or be sue) as a citizen of a State, for purposes of diversity of citizenship. 


“Two Distinct State Citizens For Purposes Of Diversity Of Citizenship”:



“Diversity of Citizenship includes a Citizen of a State who is not a Citizen of the United States”:



“Diversity of Citizenship and a Citizen of a State who is not a Citizen of the United States”:



“Diversity of Citizenship and a Citizen of the United States”:



In The United States District Court For The Eastern District of Pennsylvania

McCracken v. Ford Motor Company et. al.

Civil Action, No. 07-CV-2018

Memorandum Decision, Page 3

       “. . .    [T]he jurisdiction of the circuit court fails, unless the necessary citizenship affirmatively appears in the pleadings or elsewhere in the record.’   . . .   The burden is on the plaintiff to affirmatively allege the essential elements of diversity jurisdiction.  See McNutt v. General Motors Acceptance Corp., 298 U.S. 178, 188-89.

       McCracken alleges that {the} Ford is incorporated in Delaware and headquartered in Michigan.  Thus, Ford is considered a citizen of both Delaware and Michigan.  The plaintiff alleges that he is a citizen of the United States, but does not make any allegation as to his state citizenship.  He alleges that he has resided principally in Pennsylvania, New York and Delaware over the past ten years.  These allegations do not establish McCracken’s state citizenship.

       Since the plaintiff has failed to allege the citizenship of one of the parties to this action, he has not affirmatively alleged the essential elements of diversity jurisdiction.  Accordingly, the court is deprived of jurisdiction and this action is dismissed pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1) for lack of subject matter jurisdiction”



“A Primer on Removal: Don’t Leave State Court Without It”:



“Removal And Remand: A Guide To Navigating Between The State And Federal Courts”:



“Federal Jurisdiction Based On Removal: A 50-State Survey”:

A Report of the Pharmaceutical Subcommittee of the Products Liability Committee



“The Hidden Bias In Diversity Jurisdiction”:

Washington University Law Review, Volume 81, Number 1, Page 119 (2004)



“Toward a Principled Statutory Approach to Supplemental Jurisdiction in Diversity of Citizenship Cases”:

Indiana Law Journal, Volume 74, Issue 1, Page 5 (1998)



“III. Plaintiff’s Paradise Lost: Diversity of Citizenship and Amount in Controversy under the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005”:

Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, Volume 39, Issue 3, Page 1025 (2006)



Federal Courts Jurisdiction Clarification Act Hearing Before The Subcommittee On Courts, The Internet, And Intellectual Property Of The Committee On The Judiciary, House Of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session, November 15, 2005.



“Seeking CAFA Clarity: A Summary of Recent Case Law Addressing Challenges to Jurisdiction Under the Class Action Fairness Act”:



“Overhauling the Federal Jurisdiction Statutes”:

The Federal Courts Jurisdiction and Venue Clarification Act of 2011



“Report of the Proceedings of the Judicial Conference of the United States”:

See the report of the Committee on Federal-State Jurisdiction, Jurisdictional Improvements